Bolstering HTTPS Security

When #MovingToHTTPS, the first step is to obtain the necessary certificates for your domains and enable HTTPS on your webserver. After your site is fully HTTPS, there are some other configuration changes you should consider to further enhance the site’s security. Validate Basic Configuration First, use SSLLab’s Server Test  to ensure that your existing HTTPSContinue reading “Bolstering HTTPS Security”

SHA256 and Authenticode REDUX^2

Note: Microsoft has not confirmed this change yet; analysis below comes from looking at behavior of 14 signed installers. In December of last year, I wrote about all of the different places hashes are used in code-signing. Then, in January I blogged that Windows 10 had stopped accepting SHA-1 certificates and certificate chains for Authenticode-signedContinue reading “SHA256 and Authenticode REDUX^2”

Silliness – Fiddler Blocks Malware

Enough malware researchers now depend upon Fiddler that some bad guys won’t even try to infect your system if you have Fiddler installed. The Malware Bytes blog post has the details, but the gist of it is that the attackers use JavaScript to probe the would-be victim’s PC for a variety of software. Beyond Kaspersky,Continue reading “Silliness – Fiddler Blocks Malware”

Downloads and the Mark-of-the-Web

Last update: June 21, 2022 Background Windows uses a simple technique to keep track of which binary files were downloaded from the Internet (or a network share). Each downloaded file is is tagged with a hidden NTFS Alternate Data Stream file named Zone.Identifier. You can check for the presence of this “Mark of the Web”Continue reading “Downloads and the Mark-of-the-Web”

Seek and Destroy Non-Secure References Using the moarTLS Analyzer

tl;dr: I made a Chrome Extension that finds security vulnerabilities.It’s now available for Firefox too! To secure web connections, TLS-enabling servers is only half the battle; the other half is ensuring that TLS is used everywhere. Unfortunately, many HTTPS sites today include insecure references that provide an network-based attacker the opportunity to break into theContinue reading “Seek and Destroy Non-Secure References Using the moarTLS Analyzer”

Web Developers and Footguns

If you offer web developers footguns, you’d better staff up your local trauma department. In a prior life, I wrote a lot about Same-Origin-Policy, including the basic DENY-READ principle that means that script running in the context of origin cannot read content from When we built the (ill-fated) XDomainRequest object in IE8, weContinue reading “Web Developers and Footguns”

Extended Validation Certificates – The Introduction

In 2005, one of my first projects on the Internet Explorer team was improving the user-experience for HTTPS sites (“SSLUX”). Our first task was to change the certificate error experience from the confusing and misleading modal dialog box: … to something that more clearly conveyed the risk and which more clearly discouraged users from acceptingContinue reading “Extended Validation Certificates – The Introduction”

Authenticode and SHA1–Redux

I tried to install Telerik DevCraft Ultimate, but Windows 8.1 and Windows 10 blocked it: “Unknown Publisher”? Hrm. That’s weird. I know Telerik signs their code and I was pretty sure their code-signing certificate is SHA256, so the new restrictions on SHA1 in code-signing shouldn’t be a problem, right? Sure enough, the code is signed with a SHA256Continue reading “Authenticode and SHA1–Redux”